China’s Yuan to Sink to a 2-Year Low As Investors Flock to Dollar: BofA

what is chinese money called

The offshore RMB market is usually denoted as CNH, but there is another renminbi interbank and spot market in Taiwan for domestic trading known as CNT. Older fēn and large jiǎo coins are uncommonly still seen in circulation, but are still valid in exchange. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, China worked to make the renminbi more convertible.

Through the use of swap centres, the exchange rate was eventually brought to more realistic levels of above ¥8/US$1 in 1994 and the FEC was discontinued. It stayed above ¥8/$1 until 2005 when the renminbi’s peg to the dollar was loosened and it was allowed to appreciate. You can convert unused RMB to another currency in China by producing the receipts for your original purchase of RMB in China.

The UK produced a trade dollar, and so did the US, as discerning Chinese traders demanded higher-quality silver than the metal used in regular US dollars. This is the „piece of eight“ (or „real de a ocho“) beloved of pirates and their parrots – worth eight reales and known as a peso in Spanish and a dollar in English. For the sake of easy carriage, the bank staff will always give you some big notes. However, you can ask them to give you a 100 Yuan of small change. China’s demand for Treasurys helps keep U.S. interest rates low. That boosts the U.S. economy by lowering the cost of loans and allowing Congress to increase federal spending.

Older releases of Chinese currency also included a 2 yuan note, but this is very rarely seen today. 1 yuan is worth 10 ‘jiǎo’ 角  (also generally referred to as ‘máo’ 毛 in spoken Chinese). Furthermore, 1 ‘jiao’ can then divided in 10 ‘fēn’ 分, but fen are rarely used in China today. Introduction of the Gold Yuan and Chinese Yuan Renminbi

The Gold Yuan replaced the Fǎbì in 1948 at a rate of 1 Gold Yuan to 3 million Yuan Fǎbì. That same year, the Yuan Renminbi (often called RMB) was introduced as a way to help stabilize the Communist held areas of mainland China.

As a managed float, the Renminbi’s value is determined by a basket of foreign currencies. Several series of the renminbi were issued since the 1950s, each of which has its own banknotes and coins. The fifth series is now legal tender, leading the prior ones to be phased out. Instead, it is managed through a floating exchange rate, which means it is allowed to float in a narrow margin around a fixed base rate determined with reference to a basket of world currencies. In 1917, the warlord in control of Manchuria, Zhang Zuolin, introduced a new currency, known as the Fengtien yuan or dollar, for use in the Three Eastern Provinces.

The PBOC management team consists of a governor, six deputy governors, and a chief inspector. If you only plan to stay in China for a short time, however, you should be able to withdraw cash at most Chinese ATMs using major credit cards such as Visa or Mastercard. In most cases, you will have to pay a small fee when withdrawing money using international cards. Beginning in January 2010, Chinese and non-Chinese citizens have an annual exchange limit of a maximum of US$50,000. Currency exchange will only proceed if the applicant appears in person at the relevant bank and presents their passport or Chinese ID. The maximum dollar withdrawal is $10,000 per day, the maximum purchase limit of US dollars is $500 per day.

See China Currency for:

The Chinese yuan renminbi is the official currency of mainland China. As noted above, the term yuan refers to a single unit of the currency while the term renminbi refers to the actual name of the currency itself. The yuan is abbreviated as CNY while the renminbi is abbreviated as RMB. The latter was introduced to the country by the Communist People’s Republic of China at the time of its founding in 1949.

The Chinese Yuan has appreciated slightly against the US dollar since last autumn, as the post-Covid opening has boosted the Chinese economy. However, in times of economic stress, such as in 2019, CNY and CNH had spreads of one or two per cent, which were quickly brought under control by the People’s Bank of China. There have been increasing calls in the business world for the Yuan to be allowed to float freely and for any capital controls to be removed.


Although coins and notes are available for jiao, you will see them less and less in China these days. The central bank has issued both coins and notes for jiao and fen, though notes for fen denominations are rare. Distribution will be conducted via a so-called two-tier system.

  • The central bank has issued both coins and notes for jiao and fen, though notes for fen denominations are rare.
  • To make its case, the accusing country must prove that the accused kept its currency low simply to increase exports.
  • Hotels will usually only allow you to change money if you are guest at the hotel.
  • As a result, the CNY has so far resisted any pressure to appreciate or depreciate sharply, helped by China’s strong export economy and subsequent inflows of US dollars to support the currency peg.
  • Initially only bank notes were issued and they began to circulate in areas of Communist-controlled China.

The digital yuan, or e-CNY, is only available to users of certain banks in certain Chinese cities. As of April of 2022, the digital yuan app is available in 23 Chinese cities, and the digital yuan can be purchased through seven Chinese banks, as well as the online payment services WeChat and Alipay. The new currency allowed the new administration to unify the Chinese economy, which was then divided among several regional currencies. It also distinguished the new administration from the previous government, whose policies had led to high levels of hyperinflation.

The Chinese government launched a pilot program in 2009, allowing some businesses in Guangdong and Shanghai to execute business and trade transactions with counterparties in Hong Kong, Macau, and select nations. The program has since expanded to all areas of China and all international counterparties. China has also made agreements with Australia, Japan, Thailand, Russia, and Vietnam to allow for direct currency trade, instead of converting to the US Dollar.

Photos of Current Chinese Coins

Banks in Hong Kong allow people to maintain accounts in RMB.[80] Because of changes in legislation in July 2010, many banks around the world[81] are now slowly offering individuals the chance to hold deposits in Chinese renminbi. As of 2019, renminbi banknotes are available in denominations from ¥0.1, ¥0.5 (1 and 5 jiao), ¥1, ¥5, ¥10, ¥20, ¥50 and ¥100. These denominations have been available since 1955, except for the ¥20 notes (added in 1999 with the fifth series) ¥50 and ¥100 notes (added in 1987 with the fourth series). Coins are available in denominations from ¥0.01 to ¥1 (¥0.01–1).

Below is the fifth series of banknotes, commissioned in 1999, with the head of Mao Zedong on the front, and fourth series jiao notes. You can either perform a small transaction to transfer money to your WeChat and Alipay accounts, or if you don’t have enough money in your account balance, money will be taken directly from the card you connected. To set up these payment systems you usually have to connect your bank card to the account and verify your identity with your passport or Chinese ID.

what is chinese money called

In commemoration of the 70th Anniversary of the issuance of the Renminbi, the People’s Bank of China issued 120 million ¥50 banknotes on 28 December 2018. The denomination of each banknote is printed in simplified written Chinese. The numbers themselves are printed in financial[note 2] Chinese numeral characters, as well as Arabic numerals.

Gold yuan

It was not until the Communist era began in 1949 that a stable currency was established, using mostly notes, and coins for denominations of 1 yuan and lower. Today, the RMB is one of the top-five most-used currencies, in addition to the U.S. dollar, euro, yen, and British pound. In 2022, the IMF increased the weight of the yuan in its Special Drawing Rights basket—an international reserve asset that the IMF created as a supplement to member countries’ official reserves. To most people, the yuan and renminbi are essentially the same. Technically, the yuan is a unit of measurement for the renminbi.

Even though CNH and CNY share certain similarities, they’re not the same. China is ruled by an authoritarian government that tightly monitors and controls its citizens. The value of CNY is controlled by the People’s Bank of China, which only allows it to fluctuate within a 2% range of the reference rate. As a result, there are different regulations and restrictions imposed upon these currencies and their usage. „The way I see it is digital yuan is not direct competitor to Alipay or WeChat Pay but a new platform that allows other players to come in and compete with WeChat and Alipay,“ Trivium China’s Bao said. WEF’s Xiao says it’s likely commercial banks could integrate similar functionality into their apps.

How to Talk About Chinese Currency

These have been abolished, and all transactions now occur in Renminbi. With the formation of Mengjiang puppet state, the authorities established the Bank of Mengjiang which amalgamated the Channan Commercial Bank with three other smaller regional banks. The Bank of Mengjiang issued Mengjiang yuan from 1937 which was pegged to the Japanese military yen and Japanese yen at par. Before sar trading Japanese occupation, the predominant bank of China’s northern provinces (including Suiyuan, Chahar and Shanxi) was the Charhar Commercial Bank. When the Japanese invaded, the bank evacuated the area taking all of its capital and all unissued currency. The Japanese military government quickly established the Channan Commercial Bank to replace its note issuing functions.

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